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by Dr. J. B. Tatum
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Heat and Thermodynamics (last updated: 2020 October 11)

Chapter 1. Introductory Remarks

 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Caloric, Calories, Heat and Energy 1.3 Extensive and Intensive Quantities 1.4 Mole, Avogadro’s Number, Atomic Mass Unit 1.5 Prepositions 1.6 Applicability of Equations

Chapter 2. Partial Derivatives

 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Partial Derivatives 2.3 Implicit Differentiation 2.4 Product of Three Partial Derivatives 2.5 Second Derivatives and Exact Differentials 2.6 Euler's Theorem for Homogeneous Functions 2.7 Undetermined Multipliers 2.8 Dee and Delta

Chapter 3. Temperature

 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics 3.3 Temperature Scales (1) 3.4 Temperature Scales (2) 3.5 Exercises

Chapter 4. Thermal Conduction

 4 The Error Function 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Thermal Conductivity 4.3 The Heat Conduction Equation 4.4 A Solution of the Heat Conduction Equation 4.5 Heat Conduction in Gases and Liquids

Chapter 5. Thermodynamic Processes

Chapter 6. Properties of Gases

 6.1 The Ideal Gas Equation 6.2 Real Gases 6.3 Van der Waals and Other Gases 6.4 Gas, Vapour, Liquid and Solid 6.5 Kinetic Theory of Gases: Pressure 6.6 Collisions 6.7 Distribution of Speeds 6.8 Forces Between Molecules

Chapter 7. The First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics

 7.1 The First Law of Thermodynamics, and Internal Energy 7.2 Work 7.3 Entropy 7.4 The Second Law of Thermodynamics

Chapter 8. Heat Capacity, and the Expansion of Gases

 8.1 Heat Capacity 8.2 Ratio of the Heat Capacities of a Gas 8.3 Isothermal Expansion of an Ideal Gas 8.4 Reversible Adiabatic Expansion of an Ideal Gas 8.5 The Clément-Desormes Experiment 8.6 The Slopes of Isotherms and Adiabats 8.7 Scale Height in an Isothermal Atmosphere 8.8 Adiabatic Lapse Rate 8.9 Numerical Values of Specific and Molar Heat Capacities 8.1 Heat Capacities of Solids

Chapter 9. Enthalpy

 9.1 Enthalpy 9.2 Change of State 9.3 Latent Heat and Enthalpy

Chapter 10. The Joule and Joule-Thomson Experiments

 10.1 Introduction 10.2 The Joule Experiment 10.3 The Joule-Thomson Experiment 10.4 CP Minus CV 10.5 Blackbody Radiation

Chapter 11. Heat Engines

 11.1 Introduction 11.2 The Carnot Cycle 11.3 The Stirling Cycle 11.4 The Otto Cycle 11.5 The Diesel Cycle 11.6 The Rankine Cycle (Steam Engine) 11.7 A Useful Exercise 11.8 Heat Engines and Refrigerators 11.9 Entropy is a Function of State

Chapter 12. Free Energy

 12.1 Review of Internal Energy and Enthalpy 12.2 Free Energy 12.3 12.4 Helmholtz Free Energy 12.5 Gibbs Free Energy 12.6 Summary, the Maxwell Relations, and the Gibbs-Helmholtz Relations 12.7 The Joule and Joule-Thomson Coefficients 12.8 The Thermodynamic Functions for an Ideal Gas 12.9 The Thermodynamic Functions for Other Substances 12.1 Absolute Entropy 12.11 Charging a Battery 12.12 Surface Energy 12.13 Fugacity

Chapter 13. Expansion, Compression and the TdS Equations

 13.1 Coefficient of Expansion 13.2 Compression 13.3 Pressure and Temperature 13.4 The TdS Equations 13.5 Expansion, Compression and the TdS Equations 13.6 Young's Modulus 13.7 Rigidity Modulus (Shear Modulus) 13.8 Volume, Temperature and the Grüneisen Parameter

Chapter 14. The Clausius-Clapeyron Equation

 15.1 Introduction 15.2 Adiabatic Decompression 15.3 Adiabatic Demagnetization 15.4 Entropy and Temperature

Chapter 16. Nernst's Heat Theorem and the Third Law of Thermodynamics

 16.1 Nernst's Heat Theorem 16.2 The Third Law of Thermodynamics

Chapter 17. Chemical Thermodynamics

 17.1 Equilibrium Constant 17.2 Heat of Reaction 17.3 The Gibbs Phase Rule 17.4 Chemical Potential 17.5 Partial and Mean Molar Quantities 17.6 The Gibbs-Duhem Relation 17.7 Chemical Potential, Pressure, Fugacity 17.8 Entropy of Mixing, and Gibbs' Paradox 17.9 Binary Alloys 17.1 Ternary Alloys

Chapter 18. Experimental Measurements

 18.1 Introduction 18.2 Thermal Conductivity 18.3 The Universal Gas Constant 18.4 Avogadro's Number and Boltzmann's Constant 18.5 Specific Heat Capacities of Solids and Liquids 18.6 Specific Heat Capacities of Gases 18.7 Latent Heat of Fusion 18.8 Coefficient of Expansion

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